Category: White Papers

This type of blog post is a technical paper regarding wine or beer making.

Cold Stabilization 0

Cold Stabilization

One common method of reducing tartaric acid in wine is “cold stabilization”, also called “cold crashing”. This is performed by chilling the wine, holding at a lower temperature for a period of time, and...

Chaptalizing Wine

Chaptalizing Wine

I was recently asked how to chaptalize a must* prior to fermentation. Chaptalization is adding sugar to a must that is low in sugar, to increase the sugar level to a desired level. It...

When to do the first racking?

When to do the first racking?

A common question from beginning winemakers is, “When do I do my first racking?” This is an excellent question, but unfortunately, there is no single correct answer that covers all wines in all situations,...

How Long to Bulk Age Wine 0

How Long to Bulk Age Wine

“How long to bulk age wine?” is a common discussion / area of disagreement in home winemaking. Ask 10 winemakers, you’ll get at least 11 opinions. Note: In October 2018 I published a post...

Why Used Barrels? 0

Why Used Barrels?

I own two 54 liter barrels manufactured in 2010, making them 11 years old. Folks have asked me why I purchased used barrels. Let me count the ways (reasons): Benefits of Barrels in Winemaking...

Oak Stix Experiment 1

Oak Stix Experiment

This post documents the background and progress of an experiment I am conducting using Next Level Oak oak kits. In this experiment I am comparing the effects of American, French, and Hungarian oak stix...

The 1-3-3 Rule 0

The 1-3-3 Rule

On WineMakingTalk, there is a fair amount of discussion regarding the timing of activities. This made me think about what I do now, what I was originally taught, and how things changed in between....

Bulk Aging Wines

Bulk Aging Wines

I made my first batch of wine in the spring of 1981, a completely forgettable rhubarb wine. I used bread yeast and a “recipe” published in the local newspaper. The result was drinkable …...

Mead Making Reference Sheet

Mead Making Reference Sheet

This reference sheet was created for and presented to a beekeeper’s group in Pittsboro, NC in June 1999. I gave a short presentation on mead making and used this sheet as an aid. Mead...

Sweetening Wine

Sweetening Wine

Sweetening Wine Copyright 1998-2021 by Bryan Fazekas, all rights reserved. This document may be freely distributed by any means, electronic or physical, as long as: A) It is distributed in its entirety, including this...