I’ve been recording my understanding and processes for numerous winemaking activities. Originally I started these musings to help me remember things, but this has morphed into recording answers to common questions on WineMakingTalk. After answering the same question a dozen or more times, it’s far more efficient to write a well thought out answer, and post the URL.

Note that I am an amateur winemaker — this is a hobby, not a vocation. While I don’t have professional training, I have 40+ years of winemaking experience, and read practical winemaking guides and research papers, so my musings are based upon practical experience along with knowledge gleaned from professionals.

Also note that the ideas I present are not the only valid answers. Most things in winemaking have more than one possible solution, and I present what has worked for me.

Basic Winemaking

How to Make a Yeast Starter, updated 03/19/2022
Basic Winemaking Process, updated 01/21/2022
Fixing Fruit Wine Recipes, updated 02/21/2022
Making Quick Wine from Commercial Juice, updated 01/23/2022
Why Used Barrels?, updated 05/06/2021


Reducing Wine Loss, updated 01/12/2022
The 1-3-3 Rule, updated 05/06/2021
When to do the first racking?, updated 05/17/2021


Sanitation in Wine, updated 09/27/2021
Sanitizing During Winemaking, updated 03/02/2022

Winemaking Techniques

Bulk Aging Wines, updated 05/06/2021
Chaptalizing Wine, updated 01/12/2022
Cold Stabilization, updated 06/22/2021
How Long to Bulk Age Wine, updated 05/06/2021
Sweetening Wine, updated 06/22/2021


Oak Stix Experiment, updated 01/21/2022

Non-Winemaking Topics

Mead Making Reference Sheet, updated 08/27/2021
So You Like Beer . . ., updated 08/27/2021